Yunnan is called "Yun" or "Dian" for short and is also called the "South of Colorful Clouds".
Situated on China’s southwest border, Yunnan is the geographic center of Asia and the joint part of China, Southeast Asia and South Asia. It neighbors Tibet, Sichuan, Guizhou and Guangxi of China and borders Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam, with 25 counties on the border and the borderline being 4060 km long.
Geographical location: southwest border of China and geographic center of Asia
Land area: 394,000km2
Population: 47 million (1/3 of which is the minority population)
Administrative division: With Kunming as the provincial capital, it governs 16 prefectures/cities and 129 county-level administrative units.
Yunnan possesses magnificent snow mountains and glaciers in the north, vast tropical rainforests and rare animals and plants in the south, marvelous spectacle "Three Parallel Rivers" in the west and spectacular and magic karst landform in the east. Yunnan has been known as the "Kingdom of Plants", "Kingdom of Animals", "Home of Spices", "Natural Garden" and "Treasury-house of Medical Herbs". In Yunnan, tropical, subtropical, temperate and polar plant communities are distributed. There are mountains and rivers such as Gaoligong Mountains, Nujiang River, Yunling Mountains, Biluo Snow Mountain and Lancang River, as well as such geological wonders as stone forests, soil forests, volcanic clusters, karst caves and geothermal springs. 25 minorities such as Dai, Dong, Yi and Hani live in the vast territory of Yunnan, and have given birth to distinctive, rich and colorful ethnic cultures and folk customs such as world-known Dongba Culture of the Naxi nationality, Pattra-leaf Culture of the Dai nationality, Solar Calendar Culture of the Yi nationality and Terraced Culture of the Hani nationality. All these elements show endless charm of beautiful Yunnan.
"Yunnan's Economic Performance in 2018"
GDP: The GDP reached RMB 1788.112 billion, increasing by 8.9% and ranking third in the country; the added value of the primary industry reached RMB 249.886 billion, with year-on-year growth of 6.3%; the added value of the secondary industry reached RMB 695.744 billion; the added value of the tertiary industry reached RMB 842.482 billion, with year-on-year growth of 7.6%.
Industry: The industry above designated size saw a year-on-year growth of 11.8% in added value. The growth rate was 5.6 percentage points higher than the national level, ranking second in the country.
Agriculture: The added value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery reached RMB 255.278 billion, with year-on-year growth of 6.3% and growth rate ranking second in the country.
Tourism: Yunnan received 7.061 million overseas tourists and 681 million domestic tourists. The total tourism revenue reached RMB 899.144 billion, increasing by 5.75%, 20.24% and 29.89% respectively.
Investment: The fixed-asset investment above designated size saw a year-on-year growth of 11.6% in added value. The growth rate was 5.7 percentage points higher than the national level, ranking third in the country. The fixed-asset investment in the primary industry, the secondary industry and the tertiary industry increased by 36.8%, 11.3% and 10.6% respectively.
Financial revenue: The total financial revenue of Yunnan reached RMB 371.968 billion approximately, with year-on-year growth of 9.7%. The local general public budget revenue reached RMB 199.431 billion, with an increase of 5.7%.
Finance: The deposit balance of financial institutions in Yunnan was RMB 3051.885 billion, with an increase of RMB 55.5 billion compared with that at the beginning of the year and a year-on-year growth of 1.9%. The loan balance of financial institutions in Yunnan was RMB 2804.202 billion, with an increase of RMB 264.306 billion compared with that at the beginning of the year and a year-on-year growth of 10.4%.
Social consumption: The total retail sales of consumer goods reached RMB 682.597 billion, with year-on-year growth of 11.1% and growth rate ranking third in the country. The per capita disposable income of urban residents reached RMB 33,488, with an increase of 8%. The per capita disposable income of rural residents reached RMB 10,768, with an increase of 9.2%.
Investment promotion: Contracts were signed and executed for 2902 new domestic cooperative projects. Paid-in investment of RMB 1018.1 billion was introduced from other provinces, with year-on-year growth of 20%. USD 1.056 billion of foreign investment was utilized, with year-on-year growth of 9.65%. The allocation ratio of paid-in investment from other provinces in the primary industry, the secondary industry and the tertiary industry was 14:31:55. 10 of the world's top 500 enterprises were introduced.
Foreign trade: The total foreign trade value reached RMB 197.302 billion, with year-on-year growth of 24.7% and growth rate ranking fifth in the country. The value of export was RMB 84.768 billion, an increase of 9.4%; and the value of import was RMB 112.534billion, an increase of 39.3%.
Yunnan will thoroughly implement the guiding principles from the major policy addresses of General Secretary Xi Jinping and the speech delivered during his visit to Yunnan, seize the opportunity of implementation of multiple national major development strategies in Yunnan. Based on its advantages regarding location, resources and opening-up and the like, Yunnan will take initiatives in serving and integrating into the implementation of "Belt and Road Initiative", speed up building itself into a center driving the development of South and Southeast Asia, and promote all-round, multi-field and deep construction of open economy.
Yunnan will fully cooperate in promoting the construction of China-Indochina Peninsula Economic Corridor, Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Economic Corridor, China-Myanmar Economic Corridor and China-Laos Economic Corridor, actively participate in the construction of Lancang-Mekong Cooperation Mechanism, promote the construction of China-Laos-Thailand Economic Corridor and Yunnan-Laos-Thailand Cooperation Pilot Zone, and constantly improve the cooperation mechanism with northern Vietnam, northern Laos and northern Thailand.
Yunnan will continuously construct open economic development platforms: Yunnan has constantly enhanced the functions open platforms such as economic cooperation zones, key development and opening-up pilot zones and comprehensive bonded zones, and has successfully held China - South Asia Expo five times, China International Travel Mart three times, and South & Southeast Asia Commodity Expo & Investment Fair once.
Yunnan will constantly improve the level of opening-up: Yunnan has established 11 bilateral local cooperation mechanisms with 9 countries, set up 30 commercial representative offices abroad, taken the lead in implementing "the integration of the business license, organizational code certificate and certificate of taxation registration", and continuously improved the level of trade facilitation and customs integration, with trade partners in 206 countries and regions. In 2018, the total foreign trade value reached RMB 197.3 billion; foreign investment of over USD 10 billion was introduced in total; the number of the world's top 500 enterprises settled in Yunnan reached 104.
Yunnan will constantly improve the financial system, develop financial market and deepen foreign financial cooperation. In 2018, the accumulated cross-border settlement amount of Yunnan reached RMB 445.977 billion. Listed among the first batch of pilot provinces, Yunnan has carried out cross-border RMB business under personal current account. 19 enterprises in Yunnan have obtained RMB loan overseas, and 9 transnational groups/enterprises have set up cross-border RMB cash pool.
I. Digital Economy
In 2019, Yunnan has established the Leading Group on Constructing "Digital Yunnan", the Digital Economy Bureau and the Digital Economy Research Institute of Yunnan Province. In the future, Yunnan will construct a digital economic system scientifically, promote resource digitalization, digital industrialization and industry digitization, and build itself into a digital hub of the radial center towards South Asia and Southeast Asia.
Resource digitalization: It is to construct five major high-quality databases, including population database, legal person information database, macroeconomic information database, natural resource information database and electronic certificate database, and accelerate the construction of big data platforms concerning ecological environment, market regulation, comprehensive transportation and logistics, and public security.
Digital industrialization: It is to support and encourage cloud application in various industries and daily life of people, deepen the application of big data and cloud computing, improve basic industries such as electronic information, communication and network industries, make cloud computing, big data, Internet of things, artificial intelligence industries and other emerging industries stronger, take the blockchain technology application as a breakthrough, and forge Yunnan into a highland for blockchain technology application.
Industry digitization: It is to integrate the "Three Brands" with data digital economy comprehensively, seek comprehensive solution to digitization, and forge "digital engine" for industrial development.
Yunnan will introduce first-class enterprises at home and abroad, promote pilot demonstration in cross-border trade, digital medical treatment, and digital towns, accelerate the development of cross-border e-commerce and digital finance industry, gradually form a data exchange center, and construct an industrial cluster of digital economy towards South Asia and Southeast Asia.
The following series have become famous brands of "Digital Yunnan". "Traveling Yunnan with One Phone" has become a benchmark of smart tourism. "Handling Affairs with One Phone" has promoted mobile handling of government affairs service by clicking with fingertips. "Buying Featured Commodities of Yunnan with One Phone" has realized one-stop purchasing and integrity service.
The Three-year Action Plan for "Digital Yunnan" will focus on public cloud, high speed broadband, smart tourism, smart city, smart government affairs service, smart education, digital medical treatment, digital agriculture, intelligent manufacturing, smart energy and digital transportation, and boost the construction of "Digital Yunnan" to a new height.
II. Communication Network
Yunnan has constructed a high-speed broadband network featuring wide coverage and high performance and has also constructed 30,000 4G base stations. The coverage rate of urban optical fiber broadband network has reached 100%, and the proportion of optical cables in administrative villages has reached 98%. Full coverage of 4G network in scenic areas and along expressways has been basically achieved. In 2019, with the opening of the first 5G test base station, Yunnan will embrace an era of 5G. At present, 33 5G test base stations have been opened in 16 prefectures / cities in Yunnan. In the future, Yunnan will spare no effort to promote the construction of 5G network.
Yunnan will seize the opportunity for development of 5G network, prepare a development plan for 5G-related industries in the province, and promote the construction of 5G network and development of related industries in the province through "1+3+1 (i.e., government + three major operators + enterprise)" mode.
III. Layout of Information Industrial Park
Yunnan has issued the Opinions of Yunnan Provincial People's Government on Accelerating Informatization and Development of Information Industry and the Implementation Opinions of Yunnan Provincial People's Government on Promoting "Internet +" Action. With the implementation of "Fairyland Yunnan" projects, the informatization construction has sailed into the fast lane of development. At present, the development pattern of cloud computing and big data has been basically formed, with Chenggong Information Industrial Park as the core, Yuxi Huawei Cloud Computing Data Center and Baoshan International Data Service Industrial Park as the wings.
Chenggong Information Industrial Park: As the key object of informatization and development of information industry in Yunnan, it is to forge a core cluster of provincial information industry, construct cloud computing and big data center, regional information service center, cross-border e-commerce center, and mass entrepreneurship and innovation demonstration area with international influence.
Yuxi Huawei Cloud Computing Data Center: It is to take the construction of "international big data center and "Internet +" application innovation center based on Yunnan, covering Southwestern China and radiating to South Asia and Southeast Asia" as the goal, and accelerate the development of cloud computing, big data, Internet of things, mobile Internet information technology and other major industries from the aspects of information infrastructure, informatization application, and information security assurance.
Baoshan International Data Service Industrial Park: Baoshan City has been determined as the national pilot city benefiting people with information and the information consumption national pilot city by the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. Relying on local advantages of resources, climate, electricity and location, Baoshan will take the construction of Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Information Corridor Data Cluster and Provincial Informatization Application Demonstration Area as the goal, and vigorously develop information construction and data service industry.