Yunnan is one of the provinces with the richest resources in China and ranks the sixth in terms of total resources. Its per capita quantity of resources is twice the national average. Yunnan ranks third in China in terms of the forest covered area across the province (19.14 million hectares). The forest coverage is as high as 60.3%, ranking seventh in the country. With environmental quality ranking fifth in the country, Yunnan Province is one of the provinces with the most favorable natural environment and the best ecological protection in China and is also a famous healthcare, living and summer destination in China. It has been known as "Natural Garden".
Biological resources: Yunnan enjoys abundant species. Among 426 families, 2592 genuses and over 17000 kinds of known higher plants in the country, the proportions of higher plants in Yunnan account for 88.4%, 68.7% and 62.9% respectively. There are 199 kinds of national key protected wild animals, accounting for 59.4% of the total amount in the country. Yunnan has established 193 nature reserves of various kinds and become the province with the most types of nature reserves in China. In 2018, Yunnan issued the Regulations on Biodiversity Conservation, which has become the first regulations concerning biodiversity protection in China.
Mineral resources: Yunnan has been known as the "Kingdom of Non-ferrous Metals". More than 150 mineral products have been discovered, and there are 92 kinds with proved reserves. The reserves of 25 kinds rank top 3 in China, and reserves of 54 kinds rank top 10 in China. The mineral products with reserves ranking first in China include zinc, graphite, tin, cadmium, indium, thallium and crocidolite. The mineral resources in Yunnan can be divided into 9 categories: ferrous metal, mineral resources of energy, non-ferrous metal and precious metal, chemical non-metallic mine, rare earth element, special non-metallic mine, auxiliary metallurgical material, building material, and colored stone.
Hydropower resources: The per-capita water resources quantity in Yunnan exceeds 10,000 m3, 4 times the national average. Due to the terrain, there are great river drop and abundant hydropower resources in Yunnan. Therefore, most electrical energy for part of the West-East Electricity Transmission Project in which Yunnan involved was produced through hydropower generation. There are six famous river systems running through the province, namely, Jinsha River, Lancang River, Nujiang River, Red River, Pearl River, and Irrawaddy River. Besides, there are more than 600 rivers with large capacity, blessing Yunnan with very abundant hydropower resources. The exploitable installed capacity is 95.7 million kW, taking up 25% of the exploitable hydropower in China and ranking the second in China.
Clean energy: Such types of new energy resources as wind power, solar power, geothermal energy and biomass energy have very superior advantages. The installed wind power capacity is 700,000 kW, with an effective wind power density of greater than 160W/m2. 76% of the reserve of solar power is available for exploitation and the number of effective utilization hours is up to 6,000. In 124 counties in the province, there are 654 natural geothermal outcrop points, ranking first in China. The accumulated natural heat flow is 164,000 kilocalories per second, ranking top in China.
Tourism resources: With unique plateau and frontier features as well as ethnic customs, Yunnan has given birth to abundant tourism resources concerning buildings, costumes, festivals, songs and dances, traditional Chinese operas and food. World-famous scenic spots and historical sites and multi-culture bring out the best in each other. There are 66 tourist attractions, 11 geoparks, 18 national wetland parks and 13 national parks. There are well-protected ecological scenery spots, mild and pleasant landscape climate, beautiful natural scenery and colorful ethnic customs.